Crown Thin

Crown thinning is the removal of a small portion of secondary and small live branches to produce a uniform density of foliage around an evenly spaced branch structure. It is usually confined to broad-leaved species. Crown thinning includes crown cleaning and does not alter the overall size or shape of the tree. Common reasons for crown thinning are to allow more light to pass through the tree, reduce wind resistance or to lessen the weight of heavy branches and improve form.

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Crown Lift (or Lift)

Crown lifting is removal of the lowest branches and preparing of lower branches for future removal, normally to give a uniform height from ground level. Good practice dictates crown lifting should not normally include the removal of large branches growing directly from the trunk as this causes large wounds which may jeopardise the long term future of the tree. Common reasons for crown lifting are to bring more light and give access for traffic. In the U.K. common practice dictates clearance for vehicles is 5.2 metres (~17 feet), and for pedestrians 2.5m (~8 feet).

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Crown Reduction

Crown reduction is used to reduce the height and/or spread of the crown of a tree by the removal of the ends of branches whilst maintaining the tree's natural shape as far as possible.

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Felling

Felling is the complete removal of a tree down to ground level. This work involves the careful lowering of branches and timber so as not to cause damage or destruction to surrounding plants and structures. The stump will be left as close to the ground as possible but will be above soil level.

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Hedges

Whitstable tree surgery can prune your hedges any size, any where. From ornamental to wild and rural, 3 feet to 100 feet, reducing height and width or just clipping, creating a neat and tidy form. We will advise on the most cost effective long term management, supplying fixed prices for each option. We will also advise on legal obligations including the 'High Hedges Act'. Our professional arboricultural advisor can also explain and design pruning styles and regimes to reduce neighbour conflicts. Our skilled pruning team will arrive at the agreed date and time. Works will proceed with minimum disruption and all debris will be cleared where required..

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Stump Grinding

The removal of tree stumps after felling. A 30inch wide access is needed for the machine. The stump grinding machine will slowly mill the stump down to 6-9 inches below ground level. Deeper grinds can be achieved if necessary. The resulting spoil is a mixture of soil and small wood particles left in situ, this product is normally disposed of within most gardens as a mulch, but can be removed if required.

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Formative Pruning

Pruning during the early years of a tree's growth, to establish a sound branch structure or desired form and/or correct defects or weaknesses.

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Pollard

Traditionally and still commonly used this term describes the removal of all branches from the trunk. Mature trees that have not been pollarded before are generally not suitable candidates for this type of pollarding due to the large wounds that such treatment produces which may jeopardise the long term future of the tree. A less frequently used definition can mean the regular (annual or biannual) pruning back of small branches to the same point resulting in the formation of a 'pollard head'. Pollarded trees usually require regular treatment of re-growth.

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Drop Crotching

Shortening branches by pruning off the end back to a lateral branch which is at least 1/3 of the diameter of the removed branch.

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